In order to learn from what was being done about poverty in the world, I checked out UNICEF. UNICEF covers many countries globally. From their website, I learned that in Ethiopia, Africa, due to increase in unemployment, loss of income of families and high inflation rates, families are left with minimal income to meet the basic needs of their children exacerbating the situation of the most deprived families and pushing children into child labor. Monetary child poverty in Ethiopia is high but declining (from 35 per cent in 2000 to 29 per cent in 2016) and multidimensional child poverty has decreased at a very slow rate (from 90 per cent in 2011 to 88 per cent in 2016) (UNICEF, 2020).
Children residing in rural areas are twice as likely to be multidimensionally poor as their peers in large city areas, with incidence rates of 95 per cent and 46 per cent, respectively. Across regions, incidence ranges from 23 per cent in Addis Ababa to 98 per cent in Somali. These two regions also have the lowest and the highest deprivation intensity (UNICEF, 2020).
Nearly all children under 18 are deprived of adequate housing and sanitation, and almost a half are deprived of adequate nutrition and safe drinking water. More than half of children aged 5-14 years – 57 per cent – are deprived in the education dimension, driven mainly by no school attendance or delayed school attendance relative to age (UNICEF, 2020).
The insight and ideas I gained on how to deal with poverty in this area are as follows: –
That both monetary and multidimensional child poverty measures should be used to inform policies and programs intended to enhance children’s wellbeing. It is important that these indicators are included and regularly tracked as part of the Ten-Year Development Plan
Interventions and financing intended to improve children’s wellbeing should adapt to the social reality of variations in scale, intensity and nature of poverty and deprivation across geographical areas. And it is critically important to Improve household financial wellbeing through cash transfer programs and other measures should be complemented with substantial investments in soft measures. The availability and accessibility of basic services – including public infrastructure connecting communities to services, markets and jobs – are critically important (UNICEF, 2020).
In Ethiopia innovative approaches to reduce poverty levels for the most deprived children should be identified through South-South learning, ensuring enough resources are allocated and priority is given to social sectors, and implementation of integrated child sensitive social protection interventions (UNICEF, 2020).
In the endeavor to support areas experiencing poverty, it important to identify the specific issues they are facing and then find the best ways to address their specific issues. Two different areas may not always have the same solutions applied, due to the existing conditions faced.
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). (2016). Faces of Child Poverty in Ethiopia.
Retrieved from https://www.unicef.org/ethiopia/stories/faces-child-poverty